London: Sampson Low, Son and Marston, 1867. Very Good. First Edition. [First UK edition] [8.5x6in]; xxiv, 454 pp., frontispiece portrait of Hayes, nine plates of three color maps, six illustrations sketched by Hayes, 30 illustrations "tail-pieces" at end of chapters; Rebound in quarter black leather and patterned paper boards, gilt lettering on red leather label on ribbed spine, patterned end papers, top edge stained black, all edges trimmed; Minor shelf wear and rubbing to covers, edges and corners, small scrapes to spine label with no loss of text, edges darken, age toning, soiling and stain spots in text block, prior repairs to closed tears on first map and several pages, small rectangular offset shadows on several pages. [AB 6795]. Item #13541
Isaac Israel Hayes (1832-1881) was an American physician and Arctic explorer. In 1853, he volunteered as the surgeon to Elisha Kent Kane's expedition to search for Sir John Franklin's ships presumed lost in 1845. In this expedition, he participated and led several sledging and boat searches. After two winters, he returned in 1855 a seasoned Arctic explorer and wrote "An Arctic Boat Journey" about the hardships. In July 1860, Hayes led an expedition, in the schooner "United States", to find the open polar sea north of 85 . This was a popular, yet unproved, theory that the ocean currents and winds from the lower latitudes will allow the Arctic Ocean to remain unfrozen beyond a belt of ice. In spite of set backs, he was able to survey Grinnell Land to 81 35' and reported seeing an open sea beyond (the open polar sea was disproved with subsequent expeditions). On his return to the United States, he joined the Union Army as a surgeon in the Civil War. The publication of this book was delayed for six years due to the war. Hayes went on to lead his last expedition to Greenland and then became a lecturer and wrote about Arctic polar issues.